CISL OpenSky Publications

The NSF NCAR Library develops and manages OpenSky, an open access repository of scholarly works published by scientists, researchers, and other staff at the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). The OpenSky repository implements UCAR's Public Access Policy, which supports an open exchange of data and information derived from our research. While OpenSky includes peer-reviewed journal papers, technical notes, posters, and presentations that have a formal publication date, this listing includes ONLY journal papers. The scope of OpenSky does not include "Early View" articles.

Publications

Trust and trustworthy artificial intelligence: A research agenda for AI in the environmental sciences

Bostrom, A., Demuth, J. L., Wirz, C. D., Cains, M. G., Schumacher, A., et al. (2024). Trust and trustworthy artificial intelligence: A research agenda for AI in the environmental sciences. Risk Analysis, doi:10.1111/risa.14245

Demands to manage the risks of artificial intelligence (AI) are growing. These demands and the government standards arising from them both call for trustworthy AI. In response, we adopt a convergent approach to review, evaluate, and synthes...

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Evaluating return on investment for cyberinfrastructure using the International Integrated Reporting <ir> framework

Snapp-Childs, W. G., Hart, D. L., Costa, C. M., Wernert, J. A., Jankowski, H. E., et al. (2024). Evaluating return on investment for cyberinfrastructure using the International Integrated Reporting framework. SN Computer Science, doi:10.1007/s42979-024-02889-z

This paper investigates the return on investment (ROI) in cyberinfrastructure (CI) facilities and services by comparing the value of end products created to the cost of operations. We assessed the cost of a US CI facility called XSEDE and t...

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Five social and ethical considerations for using wildfire visualizations as a communication tool

Edgeley, C. M., Cannon, W. H., Pearse, S., Kosović, B., Pfister, G., et al. (2024). Five social and ethical considerations for using wildfire visualizations as a communication tool. Fire Ecology, doi:10.1186/s42408-024-00278-8

Background Increased use of visualizations as wildfire communication tools with public and professional audiences-particularly 3D videos and virtual or augmented reality-invites discussion of their ethical use in varied social and temporal ...

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From vision to evaluation: A metrics framework for the ACCESS allocations service

Hart, D. L., Deems, S. L., Herriott, L. T.. (2024). From vision to evaluation: A metrics framework for the ACCESS allocations service. SN Computer Science, doi:10.1007/s42979-024-02787-4

The Allocations Service for the Advanced Cyberinfrastructure Coordination Ecosystem: Services & Support (ACCESS) program is charged with accepting, reviewing, and processing researchers’ requests to use resources that are integrated into ...

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Last Glacial Maximum pattern effects reduce climate sensitivity estimates

Cooper, V. T., Armour, K. C., Hakim, G. J., Tierney, J. E., Osman, M. B., et al. (2024). Last Glacial Maximum pattern effects reduce climate sensitivity estimates. Science Advances, doi:10.1126/sciadv.adk9461

Here, we show that the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) provides a stronger constraint on equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS), the global warming from increasing greenhouse gases, after accounting for temperature patterns. Feedbacks governing E...

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NOAA's National Water Model: Advancing operational hydrology through continental‐scale modeling

Cosgrove, B., Gochis, D., Flowers, T., Dugger, A., Ogden, F., et al. (2024). NOAA's National Water Model: Advancing operational hydrology through continental‐scale modeling. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, doi:10.1111/1752-1688.13184

The National Weather Service (NWS) Office of Water Prediction (OWP), in conjunction with the National Center for Atmospheric Research and the NWS National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) implemented version 2.1 of the National W...

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Advantages of assimilating multispectral satellite retrievals of atmospheric composition: a demonstration using MOPITT carbon monoxide products

Tang, W., Gaubert, B., Emmons, L., Ziskin, D., Mao, D., et al. (2024). Advantages of assimilating multispectral satellite retrievals of atmospheric composition: a demonstration using MOPITT carbon monoxide products. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, doi:10.5194/amt-17-1941-2024

The Measurements Of Pollution In The Troposphere (MOPITT) is an ideal instrument to understand the impact of (1) assimilating multispectral and joint retrievals versus single spectral products, (2) assimilating satellite profile products ve...

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Identifying and categorizing bias in AI/ML for Earth sciences

McGovern, A., Bostrom, A., McGraw, M., Chase, R. J., Gagne, D. J., et al. (2024). Identifying and categorizing bias in AI/ML for Earth sciences. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-23-0196.1

Artificial intelligence (AI) can be used to improve performance across a wide range of Earth system prediction tasks. As with any application of AI, it is important for AI to be developed in an ethical and responsible manner to minimize bia...

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Satellite-based solar-induced fluorescence tracks seasonal and elevational patterns of photosynthesis in California’s Sierra Nevada mountains

Kunik, L., Bowling, D. R., Raczka, B., Frankenberg, C., Köhler, P., et al. (2024). Satellite-based solar-induced fluorescence tracks seasonal and elevational patterns of photosynthesis in California’s Sierra Nevada mountains. Environmental Research Letters, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ad07b4

Robust carbon monitoring systems are needed for land managers to assess and mitigate the changing effects of ecosystem stress on western United States forests, where most aboveground carbon is stored in mountainous areas. Atmospheric carbon...

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